Useful Information

By 100000026839 26 Apr, 2017
Whilst commercial and residential projects employ a similar process, there are various extra consultants that are employed in order to carry out various aspects that wouldn't apply to residential projects. Besides the consultants already mentioned in  "5 Consultants Likely to be Employed on a Residential Project"  , below is a rough list of consultants that would be useful on a commercial project.

Town Planner

A town planner would generally be used in order to perform research on the site, to ascertain what types of development is allowed on a site. It pays off to use this specialist if the development in question is quite large and/or costly. A town planner performs a myriad of duties such as developing creative planning solutions, researching a site's constraints, staying in the loop with planning rules and legislation, and being present at legal hearings, to name a few.

Building Code of Australia Consultant

A Building Codes consultant is necessary at all stages of the design process. In the design phase, the consultant must ensure that the design will comply with legislation relating to issues such as wheelchair access onto the premises, adequate circulation on the premises for staff/customers, fire safety and environmental sustainability. If the design cannot comply with the various legislation, the building codes consultant will be able to provide other solutions to the design. The solutions are outlined in a report that the builder uses in order to build the project. The certifier also makes use of this report when he checks on the project at the end of the construction phase, to make sure the builder has adhered to the advice in the report.

Mechanical engineer

On a large project, a mechanical engineer is invaluable in providing advice about energy management systems such as airconditioning, exhaust systems for car parks and restaurant kitchens. The engineer draws technical drawings and/or compiles reports that are provided to the builder/shopfitter.

Electrical engineer

Managing the electric requirements on a large project can be complex, which is why an electrical engineer is employed to manage the installation, safety and quality aspects. The electrical engineer and mechanical engineer oftentimes work together.

Project Manager

A project manager is employed to make sure a project stays on budget and gets built on time. The project manager creates a timeline with cost estimates. This consultant supervises the builders and provides solutions to construction related issues, manages the timing of the arrival of various materials on the site so that they arrive at the right time. For the developer that has little time on his/her hands, a project manager is a very valuable consultant.

Usually, the town planner or architect will provide information about what consultants are required for each project. 


By 100000026839 30 Mar, 2017
Consultants bring specialised knowledge to a project, whether they provide documentation for the Development Application process, or the construction phase. Builders generally rely on consultants' reports in order to make their quotes more accurate. The following provides a rough guide to the types of consultants generally employed on residential projects.

Surveyor

Surveyors ascertain the boundaries of a site, and where the property sits within that site. Various heights such as ground levels and roof levels are provided on the survey too. Trees and landscaping are also shown on the survey. A survey also allows the owner to see if there are any encroachments on the boundaries by neighbours.

A surveyor is generally employed at the beginning of the project, before the design stage commences.

Geotechnical Engineer

This type of engineer tests out the strength and type of the land to be developed. They provide information about the bearing capacities of the soil, stability, and water tables. A geotechnical report will generally be required for larger scale building work, particularly if the proposed design is quite large and complex. The structural engineer and builder will use the information in the geotechnical report to design the structural supports of the house, and to ascertain what type of building materials to use, respectively.

A geotechnical engineer may be employed at Development Application phase, or the certifier may ask for the report to be done prior to construction commencing. 


By 100000026839 22 Mar, 2017
- Higher ceiling heights.

The average ceiling height is between 2.4-2.6m. Once the ceiling starts to get higher, more wall=more money.

-Polished Marble and Granite

These materials are heavy and fragile, and due to the extensive labour process of sourcing and cutting the stone (which is also usually available in limited quantities as it is natural), this is a costly product to use in the home. It does however, last for decades.
By 100000026839 15 Mar, 2017
General Phases of the Building Process:

  • Sketch/Design Phase
  • Development Application (DA) Phase 
  • Documentation and Construction Certificate (CC) Phase 
  • Contract Administration 
  • Occupation Certificate (OC) Phase 

Sketch/Design Phase

This phase includes collecting relevant information about the site, such as your local Council’s requirements. The height limit, maximum built area and landscaping requirements are some of the basics that are researched at this phase, to ensure that the design is in line with Council’s constraints.

Depending on the magnitude of the work that needs to be done, a survey will most likely be required to be done by a licensed surveyor. YSH is able to organise for a surveyor to inspect the site.

After all constraints are looked at, we will sit down with you to discuss your design ideas and provide sketches, drawings, plans and pictures to help you realise your ideas.

It takes about two to three meetings to decide on a final design, which the client will sign off on before we move onto the Development Application Phase.

Development Application (DA) Phase

At this stage of the project, the design has been finalised, and YSH begins to prepare relevant drawings and documentation to hand in to Council.

Although every project requires plans and elevations, every Council has different requirements for what kind of documentation they need in order to assess the design.

In most cases, external consultants will need to be engaged, for example storm water drawings, landscape plans and structural drawings, to name a few.

After all documentation is ready, the application form is filled out and the owner has signed it, the DA is ready to be submitted. Council's Development Application fees are calculated by the estimated cost of works of the project.

Documentation and Construction Certificate (CC) Phase

This phase occurs after Council has approved the design.

At this point a certifier is engaged to provide a construction certificate. Construction may not commence until this certificate has been issued.
The client may use Council as a certifier, or he may engage a private certifier. Fees do not differ by much for either, and documentation needs are the same.

The certifier’s job is to issue a building permit and ensure all of Council’s approval conditions are met.

The designer will produce technical drawings and schedules in this phase, based on the approved design. These drawings will also be used to obtain construction approval from the certifier.

At this stage the builder is also chosen, and the client signs a contract with him once they agree on the price and conditions. Once a builder has been finalised and all relevant documentation is ready, the certifier issues the CC and building work may begin after 48 hours.

Contract Administration

After the construction certificate has been issued, the client may ask the designer to look after the project during the construction phase. The designer can provide advice about different forms of contracts and supervise the construction process.

Occupation Certificate (OC) Phase

After construction has been completed, the certifier inspects the work to ensure that it has been built according to Council's approved plans. Once he is satisfied that this has been done, and that the work complies with various Building Codes, he/she issues an Occupation Certificate, and the owner may officially move into the premises.

By 100000026839 26 Apr, 2017
Whilst commercial and residential projects employ a similar process, there are various extra consultants that are employed in order to carry out various aspects that wouldn't apply to residential projects. Besides the consultants already mentioned in  "5 Consultants Likely to be Employed on a Residential Project"  , below is a rough list of consultants that would be useful on a commercial project.

Town Planner

A town planner would generally be used in order to perform research on the site, to ascertain what types of development is allowed on a site. It pays off to use this specialist if the development in question is quite large and/or costly. A town planner performs a myriad of duties such as developing creative planning solutions, researching a site's constraints, staying in the loop with planning rules and legislation, and being present at legal hearings, to name a few.

Building Code of Australia Consultant

A Building Codes consultant is necessary at all stages of the design process. In the design phase, the consultant must ensure that the design will comply with legislation relating to issues such as wheelchair access onto the premises, adequate circulation on the premises for staff/customers, fire safety and environmental sustainability. If the design cannot comply with the various legislation, the building codes consultant will be able to provide other solutions to the design. The solutions are outlined in a report that the builder uses in order to build the project. The certifier also makes use of this report when he checks on the project at the end of the construction phase, to make sure the builder has adhered to the advice in the report.

Mechanical engineer

On a large project, a mechanical engineer is invaluable in providing advice about energy management systems such as airconditioning, exhaust systems for car parks and restaurant kitchens. The engineer draws technical drawings and/or compiles reports that are provided to the builder/shopfitter.

Electrical engineer

Managing the electric requirements on a large project can be complex, which is why an electrical engineer is employed to manage the installation, safety and quality aspects. The electrical engineer and mechanical engineer oftentimes work together.

Project Manager

A project manager is employed to make sure a project stays on budget and gets built on time. The project manager creates a timeline with cost estimates. This consultant supervises the builders and provides solutions to construction related issues, manages the timing of the arrival of various materials on the site so that they arrive at the right time. For the developer that has little time on his/her hands, a project manager is a very valuable consultant.

Usually, the town planner or architect will provide information about what consultants are required for each project. 


By 100000026839 30 Mar, 2017
Consultants bring specialised knowledge to a project, whether they provide documentation for the Development Application process, or the construction phase. Builders generally rely on consultants' reports in order to make their quotes more accurate. The following provides a rough guide to the types of consultants generally employed on residential projects.

Surveyor

Surveyors ascertain the boundaries of a site, and where the property sits within that site. Various heights such as ground levels and roof levels are provided on the survey too. Trees and landscaping are also shown on the survey. A survey also allows the owner to see if there are any encroachments on the boundaries by neighbours.

A surveyor is generally employed at the beginning of the project, before the design stage commences.

Geotechnical Engineer

This type of engineer tests out the strength and type of the land to be developed. They provide information about the bearing capacities of the soil, stability, and water tables. A geotechnical report will generally be required for larger scale building work, particularly if the proposed design is quite large and complex. The structural engineer and builder will use the information in the geotechnical report to design the structural supports of the house, and to ascertain what type of building materials to use, respectively.

A geotechnical engineer may be employed at Development Application phase, or the certifier may ask for the report to be done prior to construction commencing. 


By 100000026839 22 Mar, 2017
- Higher ceiling heights.

The average ceiling height is between 2.4-2.6m. Once the ceiling starts to get higher, more wall=more money.

-Polished Marble and Granite

These materials are heavy and fragile, and due to the extensive labour process of sourcing and cutting the stone (which is also usually available in limited quantities as it is natural), this is a costly product to use in the home. It does however, last for decades.
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